Scratch

Goals

Sometimes this course is taught as a course in symbolic interactionist sociology. Sometimes as phenomenological sociology. Sometimes as cognitive sociology. Sometimes as Goffmanian (in the spirit of him declining the label symbolic interactionist) sociology.

"The study of the mutually-influential interactions between Self and Society help explain: (1) the impact of one individual on another individual, (2) the impact of a group on its individual members, (3) the impact of individual members on their group, and, (4) the impact of groups on one another.
"http://www.bdavetian.com/Selfsociety.html
about how society shapes the individual and the individual shapes society.

In this course you should learn how to
characterize the over-arching field of sociological social psychology and distinguish several approaches to the study of self and society
explain the innate social nature of human beings
characterize the time/space scale of social life
explain what we mean by social construction, identify pros and cons

Themes and Topics

Respect, Deference, Prestige, Status

This section of the course is about the moral value of persons. By this we do not mean the abstract philosophical value (as might be encountered in, say, a course on medical ethics). Rather it is a property that people accord one another (and themselves) in interaction. It is partly a ranked and relative thing, partly absolute.

Weber: Class, Status, and Party
Goffman: Deference and Demeanor
Prestige
Ascribed vs. Achieved status (wikipedia
Self-esteem
Status inconsistency, cognitive dissonance
Varshney article from social theory
Honor killings, culture of honor
Social Honor
Respect
Wikipedia: Social Status,
"Honor, Status, and Aggression in Economic Exchange" Vern Baxter and A. V. Margavio Sociological Theory, Vol. 18, No. 3, (Nov., 2000), pp. 399-416 http://www.jstor.org/stable/223326 (and here)

Information and Everyday Life: Becoming a Node

Motives, Accounts, and Reasons

From a sociological point of view, what is the relative status of motivations, reasons, accounts, and causes of our actions?

Schutz (because/in-order-to); Weber on meaningful action; symbolic interactionists; Sykes-Matza; Lyman-Scott "Accounts"; Mills "Situated Actions"; Sartre?

The Body

Risk, Embarrassment, Fragile Selves and Fragile Situations

(Connection to honor and prestige?)
Coolness in Everyday Life
Embarrassment and the Social Order
Facework

Types, Typifications, Stereotypes, Classification

Klapp Fool as Social Type
Murray S. Davis and Catherine J. Schmidt "The Obnoxious and the Nice: Some Sociological Consequences of Two Psychological Types" Sociometry Vol. 40, No. 3 (Sep., 1977), pp. 201-213 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3033527
Schutz
Berger/Luckmann c p 60
Mary F. Rogers Sociology, Ethnomethodology and Experience "Experience, Meaning, and the Self" pp 32-46

Technology and Everyday Life

Maria Bakardjieva Internet Society: The Internet in Everyday Life (see chapter 3)

Want to use…
Goffman, PSEDL
Young TLAG, BE
Simmel?
Davis?
Collins?

Berger, P.Invitation to Sociology
Brekhus, 1998. "A Sociology of the Unmarked: Redirecting our Focus, Sociological Theory, 16:1 (Mar., 1998), pp. 34-51.
Chambliss, D. "The Mundanity of Excellence"
Chambliss, D. "Routinization of Chaos"
Collins, Randall. 1998. "The Sociological Eye and Its Blinders." Contemporary Sociology, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Jan., 1998), pp. 2-7.]
Goffman, E. 1959. Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, ch. 1, "Performances," pp. 1-76
Cooley, C. "The Looking Glass Self"
William James, on self? on self-consciousness?
Mead, G. "The I and the me"
Bad Faith (in Sartre's existentialism) (Wikipedia)
Sartre, J. P. Excerpt from Being and Nothingness.
Becker on commitment
Natanson?
Young, I. M . 1990. “Throwing Like a Girl,” pp. 140-159 in Throwing Like a Girl. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
"Throwing Like a Girl" : by James Fallows. The Atlantic Monthly, August 1996.
Young, I. M . 1990. “Breasted Experience,” pp. 189-209 in Throwing Like a Girl and Other Essays in Feminist Philosophy and Social Theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Young, I. M . 1990. “Women Recovering Our Clothes,” pp.177-188 in Throwing Like a Girl and Other Essays in Feminist Philosophy and Social Theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Goffman, E. 1959. "Regions and Region Behavior" (35) in Presentation of Self in Everyday Life.
Goffman, E. 1971. "The Territories of the Self," pp. 28-61 in Relations in Public
Lyman & Scott. 19xx. "Territoriality, " except from Sociology of the Absurd. Pp. 22-34
Brekhus, W. Selections from Peacocks, Chameleons, and Centaurs. 2003. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
"Gay Suburbanites," pp. 1-34
"Vegan Peacocks, Christian Chameleons, and Soccer Mom Centaurs: Identity Grammar beyond Gay Identity," pp. 137-156.
Brekhus-1996-mental-coloring.pdf
Mullaney, J. 200x. Everybody is Not Doing It." Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Goffman's Interaction Ritual. Be prepared to talk about "On Facework"
Lyman & Scott, “Accounts” pp. 133-55 in Sociology of the Absurd or American Sociological Review, Vol. 33, No. 1, Feb., 1968
C. Wright Mills. 1940. “Situated Actions and Vocabularies of Motive.” American Sociological Review, Vol. 5, No. 6. (Dec.), pp. 904-913.
Berger, Invitation to Sociology
Ronald E. Santoni. 1978. “Bad Faith and ‘Lying to Oneself,'” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 38, No. 3. (Mar.), pp. 384-398.
Bad Faith (in Sartre's existentialism) (Wikipedia)
Goffman, E. 1982 (1967). "Embarrassment and Social Organization," pp 97-112 in Interaction Ritual. New York: Pantheon.
Lyman & Scott, "Coolness in Everyday Life" pp. 90-97 in A Sociology of the Absurd. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc.
Lyman, S. & M. Scott, 1970. "Stage Fright and the Problem of Identity" pp. 69-89 in A Sociology of the Absurd. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc.
Goffman, E. 1982 (1967). "Embarrassment and Social Organization," pp 97-112 in Interaction Ritual. New York: Pantheon.
Lyman & Scott, "Coolness in Everyday Life" pp. 90-97 in A Sociology of the Absurd. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc.
Lyman, S. & M. Scott, 1970. "Stage Fright and the Problem of Identity" pp. 69-89 in A Sociology of the Absurd. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc.
Zerubavel, E. 200x. The Elephant in the Room.
Lyman & Scott, “On the Time Track,” pp. 35-51
Schutz, pp. 209-217 in Phenomenology and Social Relations.
Ryan, Dan. 2008. "Emergent Temporal Effects in Communities of Organizations." Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 51, Issue 1, pp. 139–162,
Ryan, Dan. 2004. "Time" in ''Encyclopedia of Social Theory'', edited by George Ritzer. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Ryan, Dan. 2007. "Time and Globalization" in ''Encyclopedia of Globalization'', Roland Robertson and Jan Aart Scholte (Editors). London: Routledge.
Zerubavel, pp. 1-4, 130-141 in The Seven Day Circle.
Zerubavel, “Standard Time,” 100-110
Berger, P. and T. Luckmann. 1967. The Social Construction of Reality. Pp. xxx-xxx.

Symbols, Meaning, Language, and Action
The Social Self
Socialization and the Self
The Self as a Social Construction
Social Interaction
Interaction and Communication
Negotiating Meaning and Order
Social Structure
Culture as Social Structure
The Elements of Culture
Social Change and the Future
The Production and Maintenance of Mass Culture
Culture, Social Change, and the Future

SELF AND SOCIETY Chris Hunter at Grinnell
Bogard Sociology of Everyday Life Whitman College

Course Description from the course catalog

This is a course in microsociology with a structural slant. In this course we examine the ways in which seemingly private and personal realm of the self is structured by our being always already in a social world. Topics include saving face, embodiment and movement, the lived experience of time, stage fright, gender and management, multiple realities, how to survive social gatherings, how to work a room, why little girls and little boys throw differently, the social bases of thinking, managing spoiled identities. Authors to be considered include G. Simmel, A. Schutz, E. Goffman, G. H. Mead, W. James, I. Young, O. Sacks, M. Natanson, P. Berger & T. Luckmann, and E. Zerubavel.

Books

Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann The Social Construction of Reality Anchor 978-0385058988
Goffman, Erving The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life Anchor 978-0385094023
Goffman, Erving Interaction Ritual Pantheon 978-0394706313
Jamie L. Mullaney Everyone Is NOT Doing It: Abstinence and Personal Identity University of Chicago Press 978-0226547572
Zerubavel, Eviatar The Elephant in the Room Oxford University Press 978-0195332605
About

Course Policies

Assignments and Evaluation

Keep a journal/file/notebook
Several "exercises"
Paper in stages
Learning and Teaching Goals

See Below
Schedule

What IS Everyday Life Sociology?

Th Jan 21
Introduction and Overview

What's the course about and how shall we proceed? Short answer: self, world, interaction. By observing our selves and the world around us and dissecting the taken-for-granted. Oh, and we'll write about it.

NOTE: Start reading Goffman
SUNDAY 9 pm "My Morning Routine" essay due electronically
Tu Jan 26
Learning to See

Perhaps the most common metaphor for what sociology gives you is "the sociological eye." A nice phrase, but what does it mean and how do you get one?
Readings

Start reading Berger, P.Invitation to Sociology
Brekhus, 1998. "A Sociology of the Unmarked: Redirecting our Focus, Sociological Theory, 16:1 (Mar., 1998), pp. 34-51. (JSTOR@campus | JSTOR@home)
Collins, Randall. 1998. "The Sociological Eye and Its Blinders." Contemporary Sociology, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Jan., 1998), pp. 2-7.] (JSTOR@campus | JSTOR@home)

NOTE: Start reading Goffman
TURN IN: Photocopy/printout of journal/fieldnotes so far
The Social Self

Th W2
Performances

Someone once wrote "all the world's a stage…." Here we get introduced to the idea that the social world consists of role playing. Goffman's Presentation of Self in Everyday Life is among the most important works in 20th century sociology. Why not start at the top?
Readings

Goffman, E. 1959. Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, ch. 1, "Performances," pp. 1-76

Tu W3
Self in Classical Theory

The idea of the self as "social" has many roots in classical theory, but the ones that take center stage are George Herbert Mead and Charles Horton Cooley. Their "theories" of the "I and the me" and "Looking-glass Self" are things we should know about.
Readings

Cooley, C. "The Looking Glass Self"
Mead, G. "The I and the me"

see also Wikipedia articles on looking glass self, Cooley, Mead, I/me; Mead, The Social Self

Th W3
Makeup, Resumes, and Shopping Carts

Goffman's chapter on performances oriented our attention toward the performance of roles in the presence of others. Today, we want to think about the myriad ways we perform a self (or, in some cases, attempt to refrain from doing so) during our daily round. Why do we wear make up, seek out stylish clothes? What's going on when we do things so they'll look good on our resumes? What do the contents of our refrigerators and shopping carts say about us? Why is it embarrassing to have someone go through out backpacks or purses?
Readings

Bad Faith (in Sartre's existentialism) (Wikipedia)
Sartre, J. P. Excerpt from Being and Nothingness. [Sartre-Sincerity-text.pdf

Tu W4
The Embodied Self or Why There are no "AIR BARBIES"

"Virtual" selves aside, the self is always "embodied." But our bodies too have an "I" side and a "me" side. In a challenging but rewarding article, Iris Marion Young examines this and its connection with gender.
Readings

Young, I. M . 1990. “Throwing Like a Girl,” pp. 140-159 in Throwing Like a Girl. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
youngo1.pdf
See also

Throwing Like a Girl Glossary
Throwing Like a Girl reading Questions
"Throwing Like a Girl" : by James Fallows. The Atlantic Monthly, August 1996.

Th W4
Embodied Self II

Abstract
Readings

Young, I. M . 1990. “Breasted Experience,” pp. 189-209 in Throwing Like a Girl and Other Essays in Feminist Philosophy and Social Theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Young-Breasted-Experience.pdf
Young, I. M . 1990. “Women Recovering Our Clothes,” pp.177-188 in Throwing Like a Girl and Other Essays in Feminist Philosophy and Social Theory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Young-Women-Recovering-Our-Clothes.pdf

Tu W5
Space and Everyday Life I

In "Throwing Like a Girl" we encountered the idea of two ways space can be experienced — as something that gets filled or as something that must be crossed. Here in "Space I" we look at space as bounded regions from which we can be excluded or granted access to. In "Space II" we will look at how we fill the space around us.
Readings

Goffman, E. 1959. "Regions and Region Behavior" (35) in Presentation of Self in Everyday Life.

Th W5
Space and Everyday Life II

Abstract
Readings

Goffman, E. 1971. "The Territories of the Self," pp. 28-61 in Relations in Public Goffman-RIP-Territories-of-the-Self.pdf
Lyman & Scott. 19xx. "Territoriality, " except from Sociology of the Absurd. Pp. 22-34 (Lyman-and-Scott-Territoriality.pdf or Excerpt at Google Books)
See also (optional)
n.a. "Proxemics: The Semiology of Space",

Tu W6
Identity as Doing

Brekhus breaks open the idea of "doing" identity by distinguishing three ideal typical modes of performing identity. Lifestylers do their identity at full blast all the time. Commuters go all out on their identities, but they do one at a time; weekdays they are the straight-laced engineer, weekends the party animal. Integrators manage multiple identities but one doesn't stand out over the others. They are no more a mom than a lawyer than a suburbanite.
Readings

Brekhus, W. Selections from Peacocks, Chameleons, and Centaurs. 2003. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
"Gay Suburbanites," pp. 1-34 (1-25 on GoogleBooks) Brekhus-Peacocks-Centaurs-Chameleons-ch01.pdf

"Vegan Peacocks, Christian Chameleons, and Soccer Mom Centaurs: Identity Grammar beyond Gay Identity," pp. 137-156. Brekhus-Peacocks-Centaurs-Chameleons-ch07.pdf
See also Brekhus-Peacocks-Centaurs-Chameleons-refs.pdf and a 1996 article in which author first works out his "mental coloring" model of identity: Brekhus-1996-mental-coloring.pdf

Suggestion: Start reading Mullaney this week.
Th W6
Identity as Doing II

Abstract
Readings

x

Tu W7
Identity as Not-Doing

Abstract
Readings

Mullaney, J. 200x. Everybody is Not Doing It." Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Th W7
Identity as Not-Doing

Abstract
Readings

Mullaney, J. 200x. Everybody is Not Doing It." Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Social Interaction

Tu W8
Social Interaction I

Up to this point, we could almost be accused of having omitted possibly the most important feature of the social world : others. In this section of the course we focus on what Simmel argued should be sociology's main concern: social interaction.
Readings

Start reading Goffman's Interaction Ritual. Be prepared to talk about "On Facework"

Th W8
Accounts, Reasons, and Excuses

Abstract
Readings

Lyman & Scott, “Accounts” pp. 133-55 in Sociology of the Absurd or American Sociological Review, Vol. 33, No. 1, Feb., 1968 (JSTOR-off) (JSTOR-on)

C. Wright Mills. 1940. “Situated Actions and Vocabularies of Motive.” American Sociological Review, Vol. 5, No. 6. (Dec.), pp. 904-913. (JSTOR-off) (JSTOR-on)

Berger, Invitation to Sociology
Optional

Ronald E. Santoni. 1978. “Bad Faith and ‘Lying to Oneself,'” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Vol. 38, No. 3. (Mar.), pp. 384-398. (JSTOR-off) (JSTOR-on)
Bad Faith (in Sartre's existentialism) (Wikipedia)

Tu W9
Class Session Title

Abstract
Readings

x

Th W9
Class Session Title

Abstract
Readings

x

Tu W10
Embarrassment, Stage Fright, and Coolness in EDL

Embarrassment is a danger in social interaction. What is it about ordinary everyday life that makes it such a potential horror show for the self? What are we actually feeling when we feel embarrassed? Or when we avoid someone or something for fear embarrassment?
Readings

Goffman, E. 1982 (1967). "Embarrassment and Social Organization," pp 97-112 in Interaction Ritual. New York: Pantheon.
Lyman & Scott, "Coolness in Everyday Life" pp. 90-97 in A Sociology of the Absurd. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc. (Partial text on google books, LymanS+ScottM-ASociologyoftheAbsurd-Coolness+Stagefright.pdf)
Lyman, S. & M. Scott, 1970. "Stage Fright and the Problem of Identity" pp. 69-89 in A Sociology of the Absurd. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc. (Partial text on google books, LymanS+ScottM-ASociologyoftheAbsurd-Coolness+Stagefright.pdf)

Th W10
Embarrassment, Stage Fright, and Coolness in EDL

Embarrassment is a danger in social interaction. What is it about ordinary everyday life that makes it such a potential horror show for the self? What are we actually feeling when we feel embarrassed? Or when we avoid someone or something for fear embarrassment?
Readings

Goffman, E. 1982 (1967). "Embarrassment and Social Organization," pp 97-112 in Interaction Ritual. New York: Pantheon.
Lyman & Scott, "Coolness in Everyday Life" pp. 90-97 in A Sociology of the Absurd. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc. (Partial text on google books, LymanS+ScottM-ASociologyoftheAbsurd-Coolness+Stagefright.pdf)
Lyman, S. & M. Scott, 1970. "Stage Fright and the Problem of Identity" pp. 69-89 in A Sociology of the Absurd. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc. (Partial text on google books, LymanS+ScottM-ASociologyoftheAbsurd-Coolness+Stagefright.pdf)

Tu W11
The Elephant in the Room I

Abstract
Readings

Zerubavel, E. 200x. The Elephant in the Room.

Th W11
The Elephant in the Room II

Abstract
Readings

Zerubavel, E. 200x. The Elephant in the Room.

The World

Tu W12
Time and Everyday LIfe

Abstract
Readings

Lyman & Scott, “On the Time Track,” pp. 35-51 from A Sociology of the Absurd Lyman-and-Scott-Time-Tracks.pdf
Schutz, pp. 209-217 in Phenomenology and Social Relations. schutz-music-and-time-from-OPASR.pdf
For later…

Ryan, Dan. 2008. "Emergent Temporal Effects in Communities of Organizations." Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 51, Issue 1, pp. 139–162,
Ryan, Dan. 2004. "Time" in ''Encyclopedia of Social Theory'', edited by George Ritzer. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Ryan, Dan. 2007. "Time and Globalization" in ''Encyclopedia of Globalization'', Roland Robertson and Jan Aart Scholte (Editors). London: Routledge.

Zerubavel, pp. 1-4, 130-141 in The Seven Day Circle.
Zerubavel, “Standard Time,” 100-110

Th W12
Tu W13
Social Construction of Reality I

Abstract
Readings

Berger, P. and T. Luckmann. 1967. The Social Construction of Reality. Pp. xxx-xxx.

Th W13
Social Construction of Reality II

Abstract
Readings

x

Tu W14
Social Construction of Reality III

Abstract
Readings

x

Th W14
Social Construction of Reality IV

Abstract
Readings

x

Tu W15
SEDL: Where Do We Go From Here?

Include in reading enough historical context that readings make sense in their contemporary milieu.


From http://www.trinity.edu/mkearl/socpsy-1.html