Period, LYMK: Landmarks and Thinkers1 When Related events, topics, issues
~600 BCE
Antiquity – Renaissance
At least an awareness that the Pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, etc.
had some ideas about humans and human society.
Classical Greece
Founding of three religions
Settling of central/northern Europe
Middle ages/Feudalism/Renaissance/Enlightenment/Mercantilism
1500 CE
Enlightenment Pre-Sociologists
Recognition that “sociology” starts with the likes of Machiavelli - The Prince (1469–1527), Hobbes - Leviathan (1588–1679), Locke,
Montesquieu, Rousseau, Smith, Hume, Condorcet.
English Civil War
Enclosure Movement
European overseas exploration
Harvard College founded 1636, Yale founded 1701, American/French Revolution, Steam Engine
1800 CE
Ethnology societies founded in Paris, London, New York (1830s, 1840s)
Locate Marx in the 1840-1870 period. Communist Manifesto (1848)
Darwin's Origin of the Species (1859)
Broca (1859) "[anthropology is] the study of the human group, considered as a whole, in its details, and in relation to the rest of nature"
Theodor Waitz, "The Anthropology of Primitive Peoples" (1859-1864)
Congress of Vienna/Napoleonic Wars
Industrial Revolution
Revolutions of 1848
1875 CE First sociology course in English taught at Yale by William Graham Sumner
Mid/late 19th – Early 20th century classics
American Anthropological Association (1902)
Recognize intellectual revolution running from Darwin (1859) and Spencer to
Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, Freud (c 1920)
Railroads and Telegraph, First wave feminism, Dreyfus affair, World War I
1925 CE
Pre-WWII American Theory
Chicago School, R Park, Thomas, Znaniecki
Automobile, telephone, radio, World War II, Holocaust, Second wave feminism
Post-war Theory American: exchange, symbolic interaction, ethnomethodology, Parsons, Merton, Homans, Goffman, Garfinkel, European Critical Theory Civil Rights, New Social Movements, Television, Anti-colonialism, nationalism, Sexual revolution, Cold War, Rise of welfare state, Third wave feminism
Contemporary Theories POMO, feminist, cultural studies, identity politics, post-colonialism, rational choice, convergence in social science, computational social science Collapse of communism, New Social Movements "Coming Out All Over", globalization, Third way, 9/11