Basic time/event/idea maps of social theory
|Period, LYMK: Landmarks and Thinkers1||When||Related events, topics, issues|
|Antiquity – Renaissance
At least an awareness that the Pre-Socratics, Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Aquinas, etc.
had some ideas about humans and human society.
Founding of three religions
Settling of central/northern Europe
Recognition that “sociology” starts with the likes of Machiavelli - The Prince (1469–1527), Hobbes - Leviathan (1588–1679), Locke,
Montesquieu, Rousseau, Smith, Hume, Condorcet.
|English Civil War
European overseas exploration
Harvard College founded 1636, Yale founded 1701, American/French Revolution, Steam Engine
|Ethnology societies founded in Paris, London, New York (1830s, 1840s)
Locate Marx in the 1840-1870 period. Communist Manifesto (1848)
Darwin's Origin of the Species (1859)
Broca (1859) "[anthropology is] the study of the human group, considered as a whole, in its details, and in relation to the rest of nature"
Theodor Waitz, "The Anthropology of Primitive Peoples" (1859-1864)
|Congress of Vienna/Napoleonic Wars
Revolutions of 1848
|1875 CE||First sociology course in English taught at Yale by William Graham Sumner|
|Mid/late 19th – Early 20th century classics
American Anthropological Association (1902)
Recognize intellectual revolution running from Darwin (1859) and Spencer to
Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, Freud (c 1920)
|Railroads and Telegraph, First wave feminism, Dreyfus affair, World War I|
|Pre-WWII American Theory
Chicago School, R Park, Thomas, Znaniecki
|Automobile, telephone, radio, World War II, Holocaust, Second wave feminism|
|Post-war Theory American: exchange, symbolic interaction, ethnomethodology, Parsons, Merton, Homans, Goffman, Garfinkel, European Critical Theory||Civil Rights, New Social Movements, Television, Anti-colonialism, nationalism, Sexual revolution, Cold War, Rise of welfare state, Third wave feminism|
|Contemporary Theories POMO, feminist, cultural studies, identity politics, post-colonialism, rational choice, convergence in social science, computational social science||Collapse of communism, New Social Movements "Coming Out All Over", globalization, Third way, 9/11|