In the essay "Individualism and Free Institutions," Alexis de Tocqueville describes how despotism and equality can both negatively affect a society. He relates despotism to the tyranny and selfishness of some governments and equality with freedom. One will expect that since equality means freedom then people will unite as citizens and work together to better our communities, but in the process of working with one another they find themselves tied up with civic obligations and find out that their freedom is not a reality, and that as citizens they must be continuously cooperating and sharing their ideas with others. When they feel they have great ideas their ego kicks in and start to divide in groups and to compete with one another. This is when freedom creates hatred as described by Tocqueville. On the other hand despotism separates citizens because they assume that since someone is already in charge, they see no need in getting involved. When the government is in charge of the public affairs, citizens feel that the government has full responsibility so they revert back into their own individual lives. This is when despotism gives birth to general indifference. These two ideals as described by Tocqueville are seen as two things that complement and aid each other in a fatal manner. (Y. Bravo)