Q378. "From an economic point of view, coercion is simply too expensive to be the sole basis of social order" (Hechter and Horne, 85). Explain what this is getting at. How does it lead us to Weber's concept of legitimate domination.
NOTE: see also Q. 380 and Q. 405.
This is an opportunity to show that you are paying attention to the metanarrative that Hechter and Horne use to organize the selections in the text as well as an opportunity to show off what you know about Weber.
Hector & Horne cites Nozick 1974, “To be governed is to be watched, inspected, spied upon, directed, law-drive, numbered, regulated, enrolled, indoctrinated at controlled, checked, estimated, valued, censured, commanded, by creatures who have either neither the right nor the wisdom nor the virtue to do so…” It is a very expensive proposition for the state watch all of us all of the time. Hobbes can have his Leviathan, but does he, perhaps underestimate how much effort goes into being a Leviathan if that's all there is? Or Engels has this oppressive state serving the interest of the ruling class - but how do they pull it off on a day to day basis? The system is much more efficient if people actually want to do what the state mandates.
Weber: if state is seen as legitimate, the rules will be obeyed in the absence of coercion. He finds three different authority structures that are seen as legitimate sources of authority:
- patrimonial - based on personal loyalty
- bureaucratic - exploits a division of labor, relies on expertise rather than personal dependence
- charismatic - based on devotion exceptional sanctity of charismatic authority
“Every genuine form of legitimate domination implies a minimum of voluntary compliance, that is, an interest (based on ulterior motives or genuine acceptance) in obedience.” — Weber (103.3)
- Do you know who Weber is?
- Do you make the connection - why is this question about Weber?
- Do you understand what Weber means when he says most wielding of power requires a staff?
- And that if you have a staff to wield power then you have this multilevel obedience problem?
- And that just paying everyone enough to get their allegiance is tough business.
- And so you need something else. And can you tell us what that is? And define it?
- And can you then describe how Weber saw there being three ideal typical varieties?