Yale University, Ph.D. Sociology.
Dissertation under direction of Charles Perrow: "The Ghosts of Organizations Past: Organizational Aspects of Urban Social Structure in the Implementation of the Fighting Back Initiative in New Haven, Connecticut 1989-1996."
Yale University, M.A., M. Phil. Sociology.
Universit├Ąt Trier, Germany, Guest Student (German/Politics).
New College of Florida, B.A. Mathematical, Physical, and Computer Sciences
Thesis under V. Ambardar, with P. Kazaks, S.B. Chae. P. Scudder : "Descripto Novi Collegi modi ad data compenenda nomine Pascal Utendi cum IBM SERIE/I machina computante miniscula (The Design and Implementation of a Pascal Compiler for the IBM Series/1 Minicomputer)"