Terms & Concepts to Know from Weber on Bureaucracy

Weber characterizes as "patrimonial" a bureaucracy staffed not by free, salaried officials but by bound persons (e.g., "slaves or ministeriales") — it looks like a bureaucracy but is missing the component of appointment strictly based on qualifications
literally, "single headed" — here it means one person/office at the top, and, more importantly, everyone has just one boss, creating a tree-like structure
formal vs. substantive rationality
formal rationality refers to procedures and structures, substantive to the actual outcome; a formally rational process may have unintended irrational outcomes (i.e., NOT the result to which the actions were supposedly pointed)
stipend, especially from church